Human and Sovereign Rights of Indigenous Peoples Throughout the Americas (vom 22.11.2007),
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[22. Nov 2007]

Human and Sovereign Rights of Indigenous Peoples Throughout the Americas

Final report from the Indigenous Peoples' Border Summit of the Americas II, San Xavier District, Tohono O'Odham Nation, November 7-10, 2007.

We, the representatives, delegates and traditional authorities of Indigenous Peoples and organizations from 19 Indigenous Nations, from throughout Sacred Turtle Island, the land currently known as the Americas, have come together at the Indigenous Peoples Border Summit of the Americas II with the following stated objectives:

1. To provide the opportunity for Indigenous Peoples' of the border regions to exchange experiences and information about how the international borders impact their respective communities.

2. Create a way to unite Indigenous Peoples' to address and resolve issues of mutual concern affecting our traditional homelands, cultural and ceremonial practices, sacred sites, treaty rights, health, and way of life.

3. Build awareness and educate all peoples about the impacts of policies and practices being carried out along the borders.

We extend our deep appreciation to the Indigenous Peoples of the Tohono O'odham Nation and the San Xavier Community, for their hospitality and generosity in hosting the various delegations attending this Summit.

We express our appreciation to the organizers of this event for this historic opportunity to bring together many of the Indigenous Peoples and Nations who are affected by these same situations, to share information, develop common strategies and express our solidarity for each other in this way.

We endorse and reaffirm the Declaration of San Xavier from the Border Summit of the Americas, at the Tohono O'odham Nation on September 29 - October 1, 2006

We express our appreciation for the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 6th session, and the North America Regional Caucus Preparatory meeting for that session, which both recognized the importance of the First Border Summit in 2006, and encouraged the organization of this 2nd Summit to continue and strengthen these vital discussions.

We express our collective outrage for the extreme levels of suffering and inhumanity, including many deaths and massive disruption of way of life, that have been presented to this Summit as well as what we have witnessed in our visit to the border areas during the Summit as a result of brutal and racist US policies being enforced on the Tohono O'odham traditional homelands and elsewhere along the US/Mexico border.

We also recognize that many of our inherent, sacred and fundamental human rights, including our cultural rights and freedom of religion, self-determination and sovereignty, environmental integrity, land and water rights, bio-diversity of our homelands, equal protection under the law, Treaty Rights, Free Prior Informed Consent, Right to Mobility, Right to Food and Food Sovereignty, Right to Health, Right to Life, Rights of the Child and Right to Development among others, are being violated by current border and "immigration" policies of various settler governments.

We recognize and applaud the adoption of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples which affirms and recognizes a full range of our human rights, including article 36 which affirms:

We also strongly affirm the message expressed by many of the Indigenous delegates at this gathering: to be sovereign, and to be recognized as sovereign we must act sovereign and assert our sovereignty in this and all other matters.

We therefore present this report with the intention of proposing, developing and strengthening real and effective solutions to this critical issue:

We call upon the United Nations and the International community:

We call upon State/Country Governments and Federal Agencies:

We call upon Indigenous Peoples' and Nations:

NGO's and Supportive Groups:


The participants in this Summit request that the International Indian Treaty Council (IITC), as well as other Indigenous Peoples' organizations continue to submit and present the information provided during this summit including this Declaration to appropriate international bodies including the CERD, HRC and UNPFII Sessions in 2008, as well as to disseminate this information widely in order to create awareness support for this critical human rights issue.

We also request that the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues accept this Declaration at it's 7th session in May 2008 and propose to all bodies and agencies of the United Nations System, as well as U.N. member States that they incorporate it into their respective plans of action and policies, including the plan of action for the 2nd International Decade of the Worlds Indigenous Peoples and the Implementation of the Millennium Development Goals.

Adopted by consensus of the Participants in the Indigenous Peoples Border Summit of the Americas II on November 10th, 2007, San Xavier, Tohono O'odham Nation