Rabat manifesto (vom 01.07.2006),
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[01. Jul 2006]

Rabat manifesto

Euro-African Non-Governmental Manifesto on Migrations, Fundamental Rights and Freedom of Movement, Rabat, 1st of July 2006.

As actors in the civil societies of Subsaharan Africa, North Africa and Europe, we met in Rabat in a Euro-African non-governmental conference on the 30th of June and 1st of July 2006.

We share indignation about the war that is increasingly being waged along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coastlines. We refuse the division of humanity between some who may freely move about the planet and some who may not. We also refuse to live in a world where borders are more and more militarized, dividing our continents and trying to transform every group of countries into a fortress.

Considering that respect for the freedom of movement, which is a fundamental right stated in article 131 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, is a pre¬condition for the exercise of the other fundamental rights, and that the right to leave one’s country set forth in article 131 necessarily entails that of settling in another country ;

Considering that the current restrictions on the freedom of movement restrict only the poorest and therefore reflect, besides the growth of xenophobic nationalisms, the elitist fear of underprivileged populations ;

Considering that, contrary to generally accepted ideas and as acknowledged in the 2004 UNCTAD report, Africa is still providing funds for Europe even while the income gap per inhabitant between Europe and Africa keeps increasing ;

Considering that security policies make people consider migrations as a problem and a threat, whereas they have forever been a natural phenomenon and, far from being a calamity for developed countries, they are invaluable economic and cultural contributions ;

Considering that security measures will not stop migratory flows, since these are determined by many factors, and that historical experiences have shown that the free circulation of humans does not threaten the sovereignty or the security of states, whereas the real threat tends to lie today in the free circulation of capital ;

Considering that the respect of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 remains a goal to be pursued by adopting measures instoring freedom of movement and the rehabilitation of the right of asylum, as well as an effective respect of the right to development ;

We demand :